Common reasons for Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vet visits

  • Stomach/intestine
  • Skin
  • Heart

"Veterinary visits related to the King Charles Spaniel's skin and heart are very common for the breed. They also stand out compared to other breeds, cardiac visits are also more than twice as common as for the comparison group All Breeds," says Lotta Möller, veterinarian at Agria Djurförsäkring.

Common skin problems that affect Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are itching, pyoderma (an infection of the skin) and folliculitis (an infection in the hair follicle part of the skin). When it comes to the heart, they suffer from symptoms such as murmurs and heart failure, but also from valvular diseases. Stomach and intestinal problems are common in many breeds, so also for Cavaliers. Vomiting and diarrhoea are common reasons for visits linked to the gastrointestinal tract.

Cavalier compared to All Breeds

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels visit the vet more often than the comparison group All Breeds. The All Breeds division is a compilation of All Breeds' combined statistics compared to the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Cavaliers have more visits related to the heart, but they also have more visits than the comparison group due to diagnoses related to the eyes, anal area, and neurological diseases. These include infection/inflammation in the eyes, corneal ulcers, anal sac inflammations and epilepsy.

The frequency of veterinary visits between the years 2011-2016 for Cavalier King Charles spaniels compared to the All Breeds group:

Rare diagnoses in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

"Just as some of the Cavalier's most common diagnoses stand out compared to All Breeds, so do rarely occurring diagnoses. Traumatic injuries and tumour diseases known as neoplasia are diagnoses that are less common in the breed," says Lotta Möller, veterinarian at Agria.

Immunological problems and diagnoses linked to the claws are also fewer for the breed according to the statistics.

About Agria Breed Profiles

  • Number of veterinary visits for each breed of dog is compared with how common the diagnosis is for the group "All Breeds"
  • The basis is based on the dogs that visited the vet and used their pet insurance during the period 2011-2016
  • The frequency is calculated on Animal-Year-Under-Risk, which refers to the time each animal was insured during the period 2011-2016. An animal insured for a year generates 1.0 ÅUR, an animal insured for six months generates 0.5 ÅUR. Frequencies are given as the number of animals that registered an event (veterinary care or life) per 10,000 YEARS. 

Agria Breed Profiles is a world-unique material that reflects the health status of our Swedish dogs since 1995. Then the mapping of breed-specific injury statistics started in collaboration with the Swedish Kennel Club. Today, Agria Breed Profiles are used by breed clubs to identify how each breed can become healthier and more wholesome. Agria's statistics are also used in various research contexts at the Scandinavian universities in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, but also in other parts of the world.

Agria Breed Profiles are an important part in defining and drawing attention to common diseases and injuries in different dog breeds. They are a support in the work of breed clubs in identifying health-related ailments and setting common breeding goals, says Brenda Bonnett, Canadian professor and one of the founders of the health profiles. The work has been financed via Agria and SKK Forskningsfond.